The format is in following order:
The surname(s) of the author(s), e.g. for John Doe, Doe is the surname
The year the author(s)' work was published
The page number(s) of the cited work (necessary if direct quotation or figures/ data are used)
If the author's name does not appear in the sentence itself, state the author's surname and year of publication.
To differentiate the different works, use the lower case letters (a, b, c) with the year of publication with the order of the listing based on the letter-by-letter alphabetical order of the title of the work.
For a source with 2 or 3 authors, state the authors' surname in the text or in the parenthetical citation.
If a source has more than three authors, provide the first author's surname followed by "et al.". However, in the reference list, all authors' names must be listed.
This general rule in-text citation or in the reference list is to start with the author's surname or family name. In Western names, the surname is the last name element. However, Chinese names, the surname is the first element. In some other Asian names, there are no surname elements. As such, use the first name element.
|Chinese Name||In-text Citation||List of reference|
|Chong Jia Qiang (The first name is the surname)||(Chong 2014)||Chong, JQ|
|Andrew Chong Jia Qiang (Surname interpose between Christian name and other personal name element)||(Chong 2014)||Chong, AJQ|
|Malay name without surname|
|Asmah Binti Omar||(Asmah 2014)||Asmah, O|
|Ungku A. Aziz Ungku Abdul Hamid||(Ungku A. Aziz 2014)||Ungku A. Aziz, UAH|
|Haji Ahmah Haji Awang||(Ahmah 1989)||Ahmad, A|
|Tan Sri Datuk Hamzah Sendut||(Hamzah 1989)||Hamzah, S|
Indian name without surname
|Mukhtiar Kaur||(Mukhtiar 2014)||Mukhtiar, K|
|Indian names with surname|
|Romesh Chunder Dutt||(Dutt 1906)||Dutt, RC|
|G. Sivalingam||(Sivalingam 2014)||Sivalingam, G|
Use the first few words of a title if it is too long.
Direct quotes are to be enclosed in '...'
Where direct quotes exceed 30 words they should be indented from the left margin and single line spaced without quotation marks. The quote should be introduced by a colon (:) and one line space should separate the quote from the introductory statement and from the text that follows. The quote should be set one point smaller than the font used for the main text.
Smith (2014) observes/ point out/ remarks/ says/ states/ affirms/ argues/ believes/ claims/ concludes/explains/ finds/ implies/ suggests...
As Smith (2014) has observed...
As noted by Smith (2014)...
According to Smith (2014)...
It has been argued by Smith (2014) that...
In Smith's (2014) view...
Recent evidence suggests... (Smith 2014).
Strong evidence was found by Smith (2014) that...
An alternative view is that... (Smith 2014).
MyBib is a free, no-ads citation tool that allows users to generate in-text citations and bibliographic references for books, articles and etc. You can paste in a book ISBN, journal DOI or website address and have the fields populate automatically over 9,000 citation styles available including Sunway College Johor Bahru Harvard Referencing Style.
Please check the referencing format to ensure it follows the College guidelines.
Citefast is a user-friendly citation generator that supports APA, MLA and Chicago formatting.You could generate in-text citation and reference in four easy steps and create an account to manage your bibliographies.
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